Through the Influence of the Horse
"Water Quality & Fecal Matter contamination" part 3
Each HiPoint Facility is designed to naturally track and treat from 18,000 to 59,000 tons of horse stall residual waste (manure) nutrients and pollutants yearly from horse stall residual waste (wood shavings and fecal matter- manure.)Preventing pollutants of concern like Fecal coliforms, E. coli, and mold, Nitrogen, Potassium, and Phosphorous from creating algal blooms and lowering water quality into wetlands and conservation areas, air quality, lakes, rivers, and wildlife habitat protection. All in a cost-effective strategy around Native Communities and their ecosystems, Wetlands, and Natural areas close to high Equestrian regions.
Where just 5000 horses congregate in a county or region and the waste manure is left outside on fields, stored or composted, one could show a waterbody reduction from fecal matter by 2,000,000 mg/l per day and reduce phosphate levels by 300,000 mg/l daily, this increasing water quality and reducing algae blooms. We can also reduce CH4 methane off-gassing by 100,000 lbs per facility per year from entering the atmosphere, which is irreversibly damaging the ozone layer.
Since 2001 the History of Environment and Climate Change strategy has stated that virtually all water-borne diseases resulting from poor waste management, treatment, and disposal practices.
We can show that canals' rivers and bodies of water are being impacted by horse manure spreading or storing. Current water quality guidelines allowed for 200/100 mL geomean and 400/100ml maximum. Where there is a concentration of livestock, we see these concentrations exceeded daily amounts of about 200/100ml and can be in excess of 10,000/100mL (ref: state of Washington dept of Ag 2018)
In a study to the Nooksack river spanning the US and Canada, local compost facilities and horse farms were out of compliance, exceeding TSS (total suspended solids), ammonia, nitrogen, and BOD ( biological oxygen demand.) Some areas show an effluent concentration in excess of 120,000/100Ml (15,000 times the Water quality guides). Only 3 of the horse farms were compliant, and none of the composting operations were compliant.
The study's main culprit showed outside storage and spreading of waste led to most leaching into the water; however, unauthorized discharge into unlined ponds or watercourses was also a key factor.
Recommendations are to engage with waste removal contractors and promote best management practices. Waste removal contractors are not a prescribed industry under EMA; however, they are crucial in the movement and disposal of agricultural waste. Research was recommended into the tracking of agricultural waste and whether that should be regulated. Regulations could ensure that waste removal operations adhere to waste management principles.
HiPoint believes recycling and tracking the manure back to the producer (EPR Traceability) is the key. This is backed up by scientists and environmentalists who agree recycling and “pro-action is cheaper and easier than reaction.”
HiPoint Agro bedding corp and its software arm EPR Zero have an answer to this crisis. Helping enforce regulations and removing fecal matter manure off the lands, air, and water habitats by recycling the wastestream, Thus, cleaning up our planet while still allowing for our great industry of horses to thrive.
What Happens to Animal Waste?
The amount of waste produced by livestock and poultry in factory farms is almost 13 times more than that produced by the entire US population. Where does all of this waste end up?
Climate Change - is affecting everyone. The current warming trend is (> 95 percent probability) is the result of human activity, which began in the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over the decades.
With the diminishing ability to effectively control stall residuals, due to tightening regulations on how waste is spread or disposed of, we are in a manure crisis not seen since the Great Manure Crisis of 1894. In London and New York, where only from the introduction of the motorcar and buses, this crisis averted.
*(ref great manure crisis of 1894)
More info can be found at
Government of Canada
BC Ministry of Environment and Climate change
Food Inspection Agency
Portage Bay Shellfish Protection District Advisory Committee,
State of Washington Department of Agriculture
Dr William Lauda - Univercity of Florida
EPA DEP regulations