NonPoint Source Pollution through HiPoint Agro Bedding

Nonpoint Source Pollution

 

The term "point source" means any discernible, confined and discrete conveyance, including but not limited to any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft, from which pollutants are or may be discharged.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines point source pollution as any contaminant that enters the environment from an easily identified and confined place. Nonpoint-source pollution is the opposite of point-source pollution, with pollutants released in a wide area. Where there are agricultural livestock CAFO operations and farmlands, runoff can wash sediment, manures, and flush pesticides and fertilizer from farm fields. All of this pollution winds up in streams, rivers, and lakes creating wetland algae blooms and lowering overall water quality.

National Geographic Point Source and Nonpoint Sources of Pollution

Article Library

NookSack watershed
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Article 1

 

Non Point polution
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Non point newsletter
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EERE Funding
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Grant records
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Fisheries USA
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Horse Manure & water dont mix
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Ag run off
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What Happens to Animal Waste
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Food Print

What Happens to Animal Waste?

The amount of waste produced by livestock and poultry in factory farms is almost 13 times more than that produced by the entire US population. Where does all of this waste end up?

Horse & Manure Rutgers Univ
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Through the Influence of the Horse

"Protecting our wetland from nonpoint source pollution" part 1

EPA Wetlands

The National Water Quality Assessment shows that agricultural nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is the leading source of water quality impacts on surveyed rivers and streams, the third-largest source for lakes, the second-largest source of impairments to wetlands, and a major contributor to contamination of surveyed estuaries and groundwater.

HiPoint and the Horse Industry, along with government support, can help reduce nonpoint source pollution from horse manure leaching by implementing better transfer stations, removal hauling processes, and disposal methods primarily away from burning, spreading, or composting. Horse Stall Residuals (used bedding) does not need to be a waste stream. Environmentally recycled and repurposed correctly, we can gain everything and waste nothing while protecting the waterways from leaching, runoff, and pollution. See more at hipointbedding.com for the answer.

non point source polution HiPoint

(American Fisheries) Nonpoint source pollution is probably the most pervasive and ubiquitous water quality problem in North America. Nonpoint source pollution results from nearly every type of human activity and land use. In the United States a comprehensive program to control nonpoint sources of water pollution is defined and regulated through the Clean Water Act Amendments of 1977 administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Nonpoint sources of pollution are defined by the Act as “…sources of pollution which enter surface or groundwaters through widely diffused small increments.”

-Agriculturally related nonpoint sources of pollution including runoff from manure disposal areas, and from land use for livestock and crop production; the principal pollutants associated with nonpoint sources are sediment, nutrients, biocides, natural organic waste.

“Of the total point and nonpoint source loadings of 158 million pounds per day of suspended solids, nonpoint source loads will account for 145 million pounds, or 92 percent.”;

water treatrmwent HiPoint non point source polution

“Of the total daily nitrogen loading of 35.7 million pounds, nonpoint sources will contribute 28.3 million pounds or 79 percent.”;

“Of the 3.63 million pounds per day of phosphorus, nonpoint sources will provide 1.93 million pounds or 53 percent.”;

“For both fecal and total coliform counts, nonpoint sources will account for over 98 percent of the remaining national loadings.”;

 

In a 2018 report EQUESTRIAN SECTOR (10 OPERATIONS) PDF Attached in the library above

Along with greenhouses, equestrian facilities were
a heavy focus of this audit as the oval-shaped horse
training pens are easily recognized in Google Earth. A
total of 10 facilities were visited, 70 percent of these were
out of compliance with the AWCR.

Facilities stored agricultural waste in either a storage
facility prior to application as a fertilizer or removal
by a contractor, or as field storage prior to application
as a fertilizer. Non-compliances with the AWCR were
as follows:

Insufficient capacity of storage facility for volume of
waste stored (Section 6 (a)(i) and (ii))

Escape of agricultural waste from storage facility
(Section 6 (b))

Uncovered field storage during October 1 to April 1
(Section 9)

Field storage located less than 30m from
watercourse (Section 8 (2)(b))

HiPoint and the Horse Industry, along with government support, can help reduce nonpoint source pollution from horse manure leaching by implementing better transfer stations, removal hauling processes, and disposal methods primarily away from burning, spreading, or composting. Horse Stall Residuals (used bedding) does not need to be a waste stream. Environmentally recycled and repurposed correctly, we can gain everything and waste nothing while protecting the waterways from leaching, runoff, and pollution. See more at hipointbedding.com for the answer.

manure water non point polution

Global Water Forum

The Global Water Forum wrote articles as far back in 2014 on point source and nonpoint source pollution urging us to contact local EPA offices.

"The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) recently released a report recommending that Congress revise the CWA so that EPA can better address nonpoint source pollution through regulation. In this report, GAO assessed a representative sample of 191 TMDLs (out of a universe of approximately 50,000) and found that most of the water bodies analyzed have not fully attained water quality standards, largely due to lack of nonpoint source pollution reduction. This failure stems from TMDL implementation plans that lack key components such as identification of appropriate stressors, landowner participation, and adequate funding. Overall, both states and EPA have little information about the status of the implementation of TMDLs."

National Water Quality Assessment

The National Water-Quality Assessment shows that agricultural nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is the leading source of water quality impacts on surveyed rivers and streams, the third-largest source for lakes, the second-largest source of impairments to wetlands, and a major contributor to contamination of surveyed estuaries and groundwater.

Unlike the obvious connection between hardened surfaces and urban rainwater runoff, agricultural land surfaces are largely permeable the results of multiple studies indicate that the negative effects of agricultural land drainage on surface water quality are significantly greater than urban rainwater runoff. As such, it is plausible that the agricultural land is saturated with contaminants beyond its capacity to absorb and/or contain long enough to allow for degradation or detoxification. Consequently, during irrigation or rain events these contaminants are drained from the land surface to creeks, canals, and other sources of water. Research suggests that shortly after application of slurry or manure on agricultural land fecal coliform levels are significantly elevated (Ramos, Quinton & Tyrrel, 2006)

Likely, the most beneficial mitigation effort is source reduction. With respect to source reduction, effective management of manure plays a key role. Given the intensification of farming in North America, there is an insufficient land base to handle the amount of manure applied to the land, and, as such, surface watercourses are negatively affected with fecal coliform and overloaded with nutrients. To avoid these impacts it is recommended that EPA Fisheries and other government organizations provide support for manure-to-recycling manure-to-energy and manure reduction projects (financial or otherwise).

These projects would assist farmers and regions in handling the excess manure, create higher quality (products like recycling shavings, composts), fertilizers and reduce environmental impacts (El-Sadek, Feyen, Skaggs, & Berlamont, 2002; Ramos et al, 2006). These projects have shown to greatly reduce fecal coliform and nutrient loading in surface water and lower greenhouse gas emissions by combusting methane into carbon dioxide (Steiner, 2005; Richard, 2006; Deutsch, 2007).

In the United States, control of nonpoint-source pollutants occurs pursuant to Sec. 208 and 304 of the Clean Water Act of 1977, which delegates wastewater management planning (point and nonpoint source) to state and local levels of government. This planning process must develop and incorporate "Best Management Practices (BMP)" for the control of nonpoint sources following guidelines established by the federal government (U.S. EPA).

References:

URL: https://ucanr.edu/sites/BayAreaRangeland/files/250536.pdf

Website title: Horse keeping guide to land management for clean water USDA

 

URL: https://www.law360.com/articles/372309/suffolk-downs-epa-reach-5m-settlement-over-cwa-claims

Website Title: Suffolk Downs, EPA Reach $5M Settlement Over CWA Claims

 

URL: https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/sterling-suffolk-racecourse-llc-settlement

Website Title: Sterling Suffolk Racecourse LLC Settlement | Enforcement ...

 

URL: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/42/300i

Website Title: 42 U.S. Code § 300i - Emergency powers | U.S. Law | LII ...

 

URL: https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/climate-change/composting-avoid-methane-production Website Title: Composting to avoid methane production | Agriculture and Food

 

URL: http://www.thehorse.com/articles/32259/does-horses-waste-help-or-hinder-the-environment Website Title: Does Horses' Waste Help or Hinder the Environment ...

URL:            https://www.epa.gov/nps/nonpoint-source-agriculture

URL:            https://viurrspace.ca/bitstream/handle/10170/101/DarrenBrownThesis[1].pdf?sequence=1

URL:            https://fisheries.org/policy-media/policy-statements/afs-policy-statement-3/

NonPoint Source Pollution AFS Policy Statement #3: Nonpoint Source Pollution

Reduce methane run off leaching and illegal dumping

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